School on Water: From the Anomalies to the Biological and Technological Applications

September 2 – 7, 2024

São Paulo, Brazil



We can all agree that a liquid that occupies 70 percent of Earth’s surface and two-thirds of our body is very important. Do we already know everything about water? Water has more than 70 thermodynamic, dynamic and structural anomalies and also shows new strange behavior upon analysis of the biological or material nanostructures. For instance, at nanoconfinement, water violates the hydrodynamic equations. Since water is present everywhere, understanding how the anomalies affect different systems is relevant. In this school, we explore the water anomalies starting from the basic ideas of phase transitions and critical phenomena, and show how they can be measured from scattering experiments and simulations of the nanoscale results.

There is no registration fee and limited funds are available for travel and local expenses.


  • Marcia Barbosa (UFRGS, Brazil)
  • Paola Gallo (Roma Tre University, Italy)



Click HERE for online application

Application deadline: June 22, 2024



  • Gustavo Appignanesi (Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina): Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Marcia Barbosa (UFRGS, Brazil):  Nanoconfined Water
  • Paola Gallo (Roma Tre University, Italy): Dynamics and Supercooled Water
  • Enrique Lomba (CSIC, Spain): Scattering and Structural Factor



Click HERE for online application

Application deadline: June 22, 2024



Additional Information

Attention! Some participants in ICTP-SAIFR activities have received email from fake travel agencies asking for credit card information. All communication with participants will be made by ICTP-SAIFR staff using an e-mail “”. We will not send any mailings about accommodation that require a credit card number or any sort of deposit.

BOARDING PASS: All participants, whose travel has been provided or will be reimbursed by ICTP-SAIFR, should bring the boarding pass  upon registration. The return boarding pass (PDF, if online check-in, scan or picture, if physical) should be sent to by e-mail.

COVID-19: Brazilians and foreigners no longer have to present proof of vaccination before entering the country.

Visa information: Nationals from several countries in Latin America and Europe are exempt from tourist visa. Nationals from Australia, Canada and USA are exempt from tourist visa until April 10, 2025. Please check here which nationals need a tourist visa to enter Brazil.

Accommodation: Participants, whose accommodation will be provided by the institute, will stay at The Universe Flat. Hotel recommendations are available here.

How to reach the Institute: The first week of the school will be held at ICTP South American Institute, located at IFT-UNESP, which is across the street from a major bus and subway terminal (Terminal Barra Funda). The address which is closer to the entrance of the IFT-UNESP building is R. Jornalista Aloysio Biondi, 120 – Barra Funda, São Paulo. The easiest way to reach us is by subway or bus, please find instructions here.

Poster presentation: Participants who are presenting a poster MUST BRING A PRINTED BANNER . The banner size should be at most 1 m (width) x 1,5 m (length). We do not accept A4 or A3 paper. Click here to see what a banner looks like: